How does a pizza oven work?

Have you ever wondered how a pizza oven works? Well, wonder no more! In this article, we will explore how a pizza oven works, and how you can use one to make delicious pizzas at home.

A pizza oven is a special type of oven that is designed specifically for cooking pizzas.

Pizza ovens work by burning fuel to produce high levels of heat which reach temperatures as high as 500 degrees Celsius. Heat radiates around the oven, with little loss, creating an ideal cooking environment for pizzas.

These high temperatures ensure that pizzas can be cooked very quickly (within a few minutes), are cooked evenly and have that authentic Italian pizza flavour and texture.

Pizza ovens are built from materials that retain heat and are often dome-shaped, which means that heat reflects optimally to cook the pizza perfectly.

Pizza ovens can be designed to use several types of fuel.

Wood-fired pizza ovens are the traditional heat source and create the best flavours, but gas, charcoal and even electricity can be used.

At the base of the pizza oven is a pizza stone – this is made of moisture-absorbing materials, such as cordierite, which ensures a crisp, non-soggy pizza base.

Pizza ovens transfer heat to pizzas using three different methods:

  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation

Heat conduction occurs between objects that are touching, so with pizza ovens, this will be between the pizza base and the pizza stone.

Convection occurs when cooler air enters the pizza oven and is heated up as it blows over the pizza. The cycle is completed as hot air is released as part of the pizza oven’s ventilation system, ensuring a smooth flow of air around the oven.

Finally, radiation may sound a little scary but this term relates to all energy that is transferred via waves. Hot things radiate heatwaves, which facilitate heat transfer – this is how the sun heats up our planet through the vacuum of space.

The main factors that distinguish pizza ovens from conventional ovens are:

  • They reach higher temperatures
  • They maintain high temperatures longer with little heat loss
  • They create perfectly cooked pizza

If you are considering getting a pizza oven for your home or garden, check out our Buyer’s Guide and comparison tables.